Nostro Account Meaning

money on deposit

Computerized accounting allows for easily reconciling nostro and vostro accounts just by using “+” or “-” signs in the banks’ respective accounting systems. Both banks in the venture must record the amount of money being stored by one bank on behalf of the other bank. The terms nostro and vostro are used to differentiate between the two sets of accounting records kept by each bank. Hope you have understood the significance of Nostro accounts in foreign exchange transactions.

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  • A Vostro account is a bank account that other foreign banks hold with “our” bank in the domestic currency.
  • A Nostro account is used to record how much of the original bank’s money is being held by another institution.
  • Whereas Vostro accounts that have credit balances are viewed as a type of liability.
  • The foreign bank, in this case, is referred to as the facilitator bank.

Since such cheques are not payable in India they are, therefore, required to be sent to the country concerned for realization of proceeds. A Nostro account is a specific designation for a type of banking account that shows who the owner of the capital is. As part of the financial jargon common to the banking industry, banks have started to use the terms “Nostro” and “Vostro” to differentiate between different types of accounts. The Nostro version belongs to the party who is keeping track of it.

Understanding terminology

These come into play when one bank has another bank’s money on deposit. Typically, this is related to international trade and financial transactions. It might similarly be easier to think of nostro accounts definition as “our account with you” and the vostro accounts definition as “your account with us.” Open your Wise account in just a couple of minutes online or in the Wise app.

dictionary A in the United States enters into a spot foreign exchange contract to buy British pounds from Bank B, which is in Sweden. On the settlement date, Bank B must deliver pounds from its nostro account in the United Kingdom to the nostro account of Bank A, also in the United Kingdom. On the same day, Bank A must pay dollars in the United States to the nostro account of Bank B. A vostro bank account is an account that one party is holding for another party. In a vostro account, the administrators are not actually the owners of the money. Vostro account administrators, often banks, frequently pay interest to other parties for the use of their money.

What is a correspondent bank?

The accounts benefit clients with global banking needs and allow them, through their own bank, to open accounts in other countries as they need. Most Vostro accounts will have the same preferred services as a regular bank account, including foreign exchange transactions, deposits and withdrawals, and money or wire transfers. It is the account which is kept in foreign currency by the domestic bank with foreign bank having physical location in domestic country for the dealers who wants to deal in foreign currency. This gives assurance to the foreign dealer but the regulations involved are many hence cost is high for opening of the account.

For the SBI, this will be a Nostro account, and for Citigroup, it is a Vostro Account. Foreign exchange involves collecting at a centre of a given currency and then giving it to the center in a different currency. Foreign Exchange takes place only if it is converted to home currency.

Invest now with Navi Nifty 50 Index Fund, sit back, and earn from the top 50 companies. A lesser rate of interest as compared to savings or current account. Xoom and PayPal are both great money transfer providers, but ultimately, which one is better? This publication is provided for general information purposes only and is not intended to cover every aspect of the topics with which it deals. You must obtain professional or specialist advice before taking, or refraining from, any action on the basis of the content in this publication.

DisclaimerAll content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Major examples of convertible currencies are the U.S. dollar, Canadian dollar, British pound, the euro, and the Japanese yen.

Interbank Deposits Definition – Investopedia

Interbank Deposits Definition.

Posted: Sat, 25 Mar 2017 20:00:39 GMT [source]

The information in this publication does not constitute legal, tax or other professional advice from TransferWise Limited or its affiliates. We make no representations, warranties or guarantees, whether express or implied, that the content in the publication is accurate, complete or up to date. The Structured Query Language comprises several different data types that allow it to store different types of information… For example, assume that Bank X maintains an account in Bank Y’s home currency. To Bank X, the account will be treated as a Nostro account, while Bank Y will treat the account as a Vostro account.

Editorial Process market account is an interest-bearing account at a bank or credit union, not to be confused with a money market mutual fund. A Nostro account is a reference used by Bank A to refer to “our” account held by Bank B. Nostro is a shorthand way of talking about “our money that is on deposit at your bank.” The facilitator bank will open a euro account, but the account will be different from the typical checking account for residents of the eurozone. The account holder will have the ability to buy or sell in the eurozone using the euro currency.

When a domestic bank needs to send a payment to a bank overseas, they’ll find an appropriate correspondent bank and pay the money to their nostro account at that bank. The correspondent will deduct their service fee from the transferred funds before passing it on to its final destination. Nostro accounts are often used by companies when they do business in a foreign country where they are established but do not have a physical presence in that territory or region.


A correspondent bank is a financial institution authorized to provide services on behalf of another financial institution. For example, if the market for a country took a turn for the worst, could investor money in that country be transferred to a foreign account? Or, if interest rates were higher in another country, perhaps the owner of the account could have the bank invest the money in that better performing country. SuperJD yesterday This article gives a very nice overview of vostro accounting. I am a banker, and I would like to add a piece of advice for investors looking into opening a vostro account.

When the draft is presented in London, the Grindlays Bank will debit the Indian bank’s account with it. Likewise, when a bill drawn on London is presented to the bank, it would send it for collection to Grindlays Bank. The bank would collect and credit the account of the Indian bank with it. John1478 June 26, 2011 This article is very informative, thanks for posting it. Reading it makes me wonder if banks could use vostro accounts set up in foreign countries to grow money faster than it would if they had kept it in the domestic market.

The term ‘NOSTRO’ has emerged from the Italian word ‘Nostro’ which meaning is ‘OUR’. We will further discuss how the transactions are performed through Nostro Accounts. You will be able to learn the following topics by the end of this note. I am a current finance student in an MBA program, and I will definitely be using this article as a reference for my next exam. Review the collection policy on an on-going basis so as to explore faster methods of realisation. Nostro and vostro are derived from Latin words that mean “ours” and “yours,” respectively.

An index fund is a type of mutual fund or exchange-traded fund that… This is because no dealer can deal with foreign currencies directly. Reduces the excessive fluctuation risk in exchange rates since money is directly emitted to the other party without physically being there.

When a bank needs to make a payment in a country where it does not hold a nostro account, it can use a bank with which it has a correspondent relationship to make the payment on its behalf. Parties holding vostro accounts are acting on behalf of their customers to get returns. This also happens in a wide variety of stock trading or stock options trading situations, where a broker is the party that holds the vostro account for clients. Correspondent banking works through what are known as nostro and vostro accounts. A domestic bank will work with a correspondent bank to set up a nostro account – meaning our account, on your books.


Banks usually tie up with third parties to enable transactions like these. The banks with Nostro facilities are also called facilitator banks. These banks are not at all similar to deposit accounts, and they demand that the deposit accounts are kept in the same currency as a bank. A correspondent can act as an intermediary to help a financial institution send or receive payments in a foreign currency, without the domestic bank needing to set up foreign branches themselves.

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The professor designed an imaginary world and broke the class up into groups to represent the countries of this world. Each country had to set up a vostro account with at least three other countries, in hopes of expanding their business into foreign markets. It was a pretty simple concept, but actually doing it made me really understand it. They enable simplified trade settlements and foreign exchange transactions. The Euro bank will set up the account, but it is not a typical checking account. Transactions to and from these accounts may only be wire transfers to ensure identity credentials are monitored and that special handling is used.

  • A Vostro account works just like any other account held by a bank, but in this case, its owner is a corresponding bank.
  • The concepts behind the accounts were not hard to understand, but the nomenclature confused me at first.
  • So let’s say a large US bank has an account with a major bank in the UK, held in the local currency, pounds.
  • The HDFC bank will charge rupee value of $5,000 from Mr X and issue a DD however the transactions will not be entered in the Nostro account on the date of issuance of DD.
  • The local bank approached by Mr. A will approach to the foreign bank with which the bank is having banking relations and physical location in India for opening of NOSTRO Account.

Suppose Bank A, located in the USA, needs €100,000 in funds from Bank B, located in the United Kingdom. Bank B will transfer €100,000 to the Nostro account of Bank A in the UK. This blog dissects how a nostro account works, its benefits and other factors.

Nostros, a term derived from the Latin word for “ours,” are frequently used to facilitate foreign exchange and trade transactions. The opposite term “vostro accounts,” derived from the Latin word for “yours,” is how a bank refers to the accounts that other banks have on its books in its home currency. Unlike Nostro accounts, these types of accounts are not confined or restricted to banks; they can be used by any other entity if they want to use them. The motive that lies behind a Vostro account is the need for the entities and banks to gain a physical presence in all the countries.